+2 votes

I am modelling EOL of a product and defined a process in which the recycled product ends up as an avoided product by the virgin product. This means in the input of the process, I have the recycled product and in the output, I have the virgin product and the avoided box is checked. This is how I learned to model the open-loop recycling process in your advanced course. However, now I cannot define any product system on this process, because the output process has no real output anymore, it is avoided. I am wondering, now how I can calculate the environmental impact of the whole process (from the production of the process to the recycling process). Does this mean that when I assign an avoided product to the system, no environmental impacts will be considered for the whole process?

Thank you in advance for your help,

in openLCA by (160 points)

1 Answer

0 votes
by (115k points)
Always, the product system needs to deliver a benefit. If you model the EOL only, then you cannot only have consumption of recyclable and avoiding primary product, but you need some benefit. It could be waste treatment (you will not only have pure recyclate but also other inputs that cannot be recycled, thus will be waste treatment probably - but this depends on your case). Good luck!


- afterthought: can also be that you do not apply system expansation (avoided products) to calculate the generated product "away", but simply calculate the impacts of producing a product from recyclate
by (115k points)
to your new question in the last comment: yes, and that is a correct way of modeling. Only point is that then you "calculate away" the benefits of having the recyclate, so the process where you apply this needs to provide another benefit (produce another product, or take waste as input).